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throwback facts:

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent. from black work songs, field shouts, sorrow songs, hymns, and spirituals whose harmonic, rhythmic, and melodic elements were predominantly African.

The earliest form of jazz to exert a wide appeal, ragtime was basically a piano style emphasizing syncopation and polyrhythm. Scott Joplin and Irving Berlin were major composers and performers of ragtime.

Musician Jelly Roll Morton published the first ever jazz arrangement in print in 1915 with the title Jelly Roll Blues. This printed arrangement brought forth a new breed of musicians playing ragtime.

The first jazz record was recorded in 1913 by Society Orchestra, the first black group to come out with a record.

George Gershwin composed the symphonic jazz piece Rhapsody In Blue, leading jazz out of the clubs and into concert halls for the first time.

LOUIS ARMSTRONG brought new relevance to the role of the soloist in jazz with his Hot Fives and Sevens.

Saxophonist Charlie Parker, while jamming on Cherokee, hit on a new method of soloing by building on the chords’ extended intervals, starting the bebop movement.